Who Is My Brother? Teacher's Edition 8th Grade Level 14
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Level 14 Lesson Plans
1. Preparation for Reading
- Words isolated for instruction.
- Background information that may add to understanding.
- Specific suggestions for presenting new vocabulary.
- Suggestions for motivating pupils to read with a purpose.
2. Reading and Discussing the Selection
- Full-color reproductions of pages from the pupil text, identifying the new vocabulary.
- Suggestions for introducing a composition activity (Putting Ideas to Work).
- Suggestions for promoting comprehension through discussion of previously set purpose for reading.
- Suggested answers for questions in the pupil texts.
3. Interrelated Activities
- Activities focused on language development.
- Suggestions for helping pupils develop a greater awareness of literature.
- Activities for stimulating creativity.
- Activities for developing and extending oral language concepts (Oral Language Extension) and references for the Oral Language Workshop.
4. Developing Reading Skills
- Clearly stated objectives.
- Instructional suggestions and skill activities for decoding, vocabulary, comprehension, and study skills; also literature.
- The Practice section includes reproductions of Skilpak pages that are to be completed by the pupils independently.
Level 14 Content
Unit 1, "A Generation Away," contains eleven selections of prose and poetry that revolve around or extend from a theme of family interactions, of family love, learning, and understanding. The two skills focus on using time lines and tables of contents. In the life skill, pupils are introduced to different kinds of savings accounts that banks offer, and the advantages and disadvantages of each type. Through Skilpak activities, pupils receive practice in identifying supporting details, main ideas, and themes, and they study plot structure, sensory words, story mood, and differences between fiction and nonfiction.
The second unit, "Water, Wood, and Wildlife," consists of selections that take the reader into the power, the beauty, and the challenge of the natural world. The settings include sea water, fresh water, woods, oceanariums, and zoos; the wildlife includes porpoises, skunks, cats, and dogs. Plants are featured as well. The study skills in this unit are on adjusting reading rate to suit reading purpose and using information on maps. The life skill uses the theme of choosing a campsite to give pupils practice in reading charts of information. Through Skilpak activities, pupils get practice in recognizing time signal words, in sequencing events, and in inferring and writing main ideas. They also receive practice in metaphors, characteristics of prose and poetry, points of view, and alliteration.
Unit 3, "View of Our Continent," takes the reader on a tour for a flavor of the people and the energy that have contributed to, and still characterize, this continent. Biography, autobiography, historical fiction, and an interview are some of the literary forms represented. The study skills deal with using information from graphs and using a dictionary. The life skill deals with understanding a charge-account statement. Through Skilpak activities, pupils receive practice in comparing (characters, ideas, story moods) and in predicting outcomes. Literature skills include the characteristics of biography and autobiography, and narrative and conversational dialogue.
The fourth unit, "Stolen gallery," provides an introduction the storyteller’s art. The study skills in the unit focus on using the card catalog and on headings and subheadings. Pupils learn how to fill out a job application form in the life skill. Through Skilpak activities, pupils receive practice in inferring supporting details and themes, and noting literary techniques of personification, character development, over-statement, and elements of fiction.
Fear, courage, and desperate actions make up Unit 5, "The Faces of Danger." Taking notes in outline form and using categories are the unit study skills. The life skill focuses on the importance of reading labels on medicinal products. Skilpak activities provide practice in drawing conclusions and inferring causal relationships, noting literary techniques such as foreshadowing, and using rhyming words.
The final unit, "Moments," presents various situations in people’s lives when they achieve a milestone–the kinds of milestones possible and the ways the characters recognize and grow from their experiences. Autobiography, biography, and poetry are some of the literary forms included. Main topics, subtopics, and details, and how to prepare an outline make up the unit study skills. The life skill is on reading and using road maps. Through Skilpak activities, pupils receive practice in inferring character qualities and recognizing statements of fact versus opinion, as well as noting literary techniques of story setting and mood, character development, and story theme.
The text concludes with a book-length selection, Yellow Leaf, by Mary Joyce Capps. It is the story of an Indian girl’s search for her family. The relationships in the story are complex, and the interactions of the characters add much to the story.
Level 14 Skills Development
Vocabulary. The aim of instruction in Vocabulary in Level 14 is to help pupils learn the meanings of certain words that have been chosen from selections in the pupil text, and to provide experience in discovering word meaning through the use of context clues. Vocabulary words isolated for instruction are listed in the beginning of each lesson plan as Words for Attention. Some stories also include a Specialized Vocabulary list, containing words that relate to concepts that are especially important for understanding a particular selection.
In the Introducing Vocabulary section of each lesson plan, suggestions are given to help pupils learn the meanings of selected vocabulary words, and to provide practice in using context clues as a method of discovering word meaning. Pupils are given additional practice in word meaning and in the use of context clues through independent written activities in the Developing Reading Skills section of the lesson plan.
Comprehension. Comprehension skills taught in previous levels are reinforced and developed in Level 14. Through the questions included after prose selections in the text, pupils are led to strengthen both inferential and literal comprehension skills. The Reading and Discussion the Selection section of each lesson plan provides possible answers for these questions. In each lesson plan, in the Setting Reading Purpose and Discussing Reading Purpose sections, suggestions are made that can facilitate fuller understanding and appreciation of a story. Activities in the Developing Reading Skills section of the lesson plans provide for independent and systematic practice in such specific comprehension skills as: recognizing and recalling details, recognizing main idea, recognizing and recalling sequence, inferring details, inferring main idea, inferring comparison, inferring cause and effect, inferring character, predicting outcomes, and inferring fact and opinion.
Study Skills. The study skills program at this level is broadened to further develop skills in the use of a variety of reference materials such as dictionaries, card catalogs, and tables of contents; in outlining; in adjusting reading rate; and in such visual representational materials as maps, graphs, charts, and time lines. Pupils are encouraged to apply these skills in the pupil text and in independent written activities in the Developing Reading Skills sections of the lesson plans.
Language. Related language activities suggested in the Interrelated Activities section of each lesson plan offer a variety of experiences in the language arts. These activities include dramatization, story and poem writing, independent research, and other activities that are designed to involve pupils in oral and written expression.
Literature. Through text questions, pupils are made aware of a variety of literary concepts related to author’s craft, literary form, and literary genre. Appreciation of literature is developed through instruction that emphasizes plot structure, character development, story theme, point of view, imagery, figurative language, setting, and mood. The presentation of a variety of literary genre (for example, biography, autobiography, play, photo essay, contemporary stories, poetry) is an important part of the reading program at this level. For some selections in each unit, literature activities are provided in the Developing Reading Skills section of the lesson plans.
Creativity. The development of creativity is encouraged by providing throughout the lesson plans a variety of situations that evoke creative responses from pupils. Specific activities designed to develop the pupils’ creative sensitivity and awareness are suggested in the Interrelated Activities of each lesson plan. Included are such activities as writing story sequels and making predictions from given information. The Putting Ideas to Word section, at the end of most prose selections in the pupil text, offers further opportunity for creative exercises.
The Student Activity Set includes the Skilpak (131 pages, black & white), Unit Tests (38 pages), and Studybook (108, black & white). The Skilpak and Unit Tests are also available as a set (without the Studybook).